2020-06-02 15:23:21, 修改于2020-06-02 16:57:56
A person of the most prevalent uses for rectifier diodes in electronics should be to transform household alternating current into immediate present that could be employed as an alternative to batteries. The rectifier circuit, which is typically made from a set of cleverly interlocked diodes, converts alternating present-day to direct current.
In household current, the voltage swings from positive to negative in cycles that repeat 60 times per second. If you place a diode in series with an alternating current voltage, you eliminate the negative side with the voltage cycle, so you end up with just positive voltage.Discover the single rectifier from Heisener, compare processors from different manufacturers and choose your perfect match. Innovation at your fingertips.
If you search at the waveform on the voltage coming out of this rectifier diode, you?¡¥ll see that it is made up of intervals that alternate between a short increase of voltage and periods of no voltage at all. This is actually a form of immediate existing mainly because it consists entirely of positive voltage. However, it pulsates: first it?¡¥s on, then it?¡¥s off, then it?¡¥s on again, and so on.
Overall, voltage rectified by a single diode is off fifty percent on the time. So although the positive voltage reaches the same peak level as the enter voltage, the average level of your rectified voltage is only half the level of your enter voltage. This type of rectifier circuit is sometimes called a half-wave rectifier since it passes along only 50 percent of your incoming alternating present waveform.
A better type of rectifier circuit takes advantage of four rectifier diodes, in a very special circuit called a bridge rectifier.
Seem at how this rectifier will work on both sides from the alternating recent enter signal:
From the first half of the AC cycle, D2 and D4 conduct mainly because they?¡¥re forward biased. Positive voltage is to the anode of D2 and negative voltage is to the cathode of D4. Thus, these two diodes work together to pass the first half in the sign through.
While in the second fifty percent of your AC cycle, D1 and D3 conduct mainly because they?¡¥re forward biased: Positive voltage is about the anode of D1, and negative voltage is over the cathode of D3.
The net effect of your bridge rectifier is that both halves from the AC sine wave are allowed to pass through, though the negative 50 % on the wave is inverted so that it becomes positive.